The Scientific Study of People Who Are Single:
An Annotated Bibliography

Bella M. DePaulo
Chair, Academic Advisory Board of the Spectrum Institute
Research and Policy Division of the
American Association for Single People (AASP)

January 2, 2004


1.  Singles and Subtypes of Singles

Singles in Midlife

Adelman, M. B., & Bankoff, E. A. (1990). Life-span concerns: implications for mid-life adult singles. In Giles, H., Coupland, N., & Wiemann, J. M. (Eds.), Communication, health and the elderly (pp. 64-91). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Anderson, C.M., & Stewart, S. (1994). Flying solo: Single women in midlife. NY: Norton.

Apter, T. (1995). Secret paths: Women in the new midlife. NY: Norton.

Fodor, I. G., & Franks, V. (1990). Women in midlife and beyond: The new prime of life? Psychology of Women Quarterly, 14, 445-449.

Gergen, M. M. (1990). Finished at 40: Women’s development within the patriarchy. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 14, 471-493.

Helson, R. (1996?). The self in middle age. In M. E. Lachman & J. B. James (Eds.), Multiple paths of midlife development (pp. 21-43). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Helson, R., & McCabe, L. (1993). The social clock project in middle age. In B. F. Turner & L. E. Troll (Eds.), Women growing older: Psychological perspectives (pp. 68-93). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Helson, R., & Moane, G. (1987). Personality change in women from college to midlife. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 176-186.

Henretta, J. C., Grundy, E. Y., & Harris, S. (2001). Socioeconomic differences in having living parents and children: A U.S.-British comparison of middle-aged women. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 852-867.

Houseknecht, S. K., Vaughan, S., & Statham, A. (1987). The impact of singlehood on the career patterns of professional women. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 49, 353-366.

Levinson, D. J. (1977). The mid-life transition: A period in adult psychosocial development. Psychiatry, 40, 99-112.

Levinson, D. J., Darrow, C. M., Klein, E. B., Levinson, M. H., & McKee, B. (1974). The psychosocial development of men in early adulthood and the mid-life transition. Life History Research in Psychopathology, 3, 243-258.

Lewis, V. G., & Borders, L. D. (1995). Life satisfaction of single middle-aged professional women. Journal of Counseling and Development, 74, 94-100.

Loewenstein, S. F., Bloch, E. B., Campion, J., Epstein, J. S., Gale, P., & Salvatore, M. (1981). A study of satisfaction and stresses of single women in midlife. Sex Roles, 7, 1127-1141.

Marks, N. F. (1996). Flying solo at midlife: Gender, marital status, and psychological well-being. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 917-932.

Nadelson, C. C. (1989). Issues in the analysis of single women in their thirties and forties. In J. M. Oldham & R. S. Liebert (Eds.), The Middle Years: New Psychoanalytic Perspectives (pp. 105-122). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Neugarten, B. L. (Ed.). (1968). Middle age and aging: A reader in social psychology. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Ryff, C. D. (1982). Self-perceived personality change in adulthood and aging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 108-115.

Ryff, C. D. (1991). Possible selves in adulthood and old age: A tale of shifting horizons. Psychology and Aging, 6, 286-295.

Vartanian, T. P., & McNamara, J. M. (2002). Older women in poverty: The impact of midlife factors. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 532-548.


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