The Scientific Study of People Who Are Single:
An Annotated Bibliography

Bella M. DePaulo
Chair, Academic Advisory Board of the Spectrum Institute
Research and Policy Division of the
American Association for Single People (AASP)

January 2, 2004


12. Beyond Psychology


How many single adults are there in the United States? How is that number changing over time? How many singles live alone? What is the proportion of single-person households relative to other households (e.g., married with dependent children) and how has that changed over time? How are rates of cohabitation and remarriage changing? What are the demographic predictors of staying single or marrying late?

A profile of older Americans: 2001. Administration on Aging: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Bachrach, C. A., Horn, M. C. (1987). Married and Unmarried Couples. United States, 1982. Data From the National Survey of Family Growth, 23 (15), 1-52.

Bumpass, L. L., & Sweet, J. A. (1989). National estimates of cohabitation. Demography, 26, 615-625.

Bush, A. J., & Burnett, J. J. (1987). Assessing the homogeneity of single females in respect to advertising, media, and technology. Journal of Advertising, 16, 31-38.

Choi, N. G. (1999). Living arrangements and household compositions of elderly couples and singles: A comparison of Hispanics and Blacks. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 31, 41-61.

Cobb, N. (1997, October 15). Single in the suburbs: Who says you have to be married with kids to take a slice of the American pie? The Boston Globe, p. D1.

Cousins, A. N. & Eslinger, K. N., Jr. (1983). The remarkable rise of one-person households. Real Estate Review, 13, 89-91.

Dixon, R. B. (1978). Late marriage and non-marriage as demographic responses: Are they similar? Population Studies, 32, 449-466.

Doudna, C., & McBride, F. (1981). Where are the men for the women at the top? In P. J. Stein (Ed.), Single Life: Unmarried Adults in Social Context (pp. 21-34). New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Glick, P. C. (1984). Marriage, divorce, and living arrangements. Journal of Family Issues, 5, 7-26.

Glick, P. C., & Spanier, G. B. (1980, February). Married and unmarried cohabitation in the United States. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 19-30.

Glick, P. C., & Spanier, G. B. (1981). Cohabitation in the United States. In P. J. Stein (Ed.), Single Life: Unmarried Adults in Social Context (pp. 194-209). New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Goldsheider, F. (Ed.) (1999). Special issue on household and family demography. Demography, 32, 3.

Kain, E. L. (1984, August). Surprising singles. American Demographics, 16-19.

Kreider, R. M., & Fields, J. M. (2001). Number, timing, and duration of divorces: Fall 1996. Current Population Reports (P70-80). U.S. Census Bureau. Washington, D.C.

Lampard, R. (1993). Availability of marriage partners in England and Wales: A comparison of three measures. Journal of Biosocial Science, 25, 333-350.

Lichter, D. T., Anderson, R. N., & Hayward, M. D. (1995). Marriage markets and marital choice. Journal of Family Issues, 16, 412-431.

Living arrangements of women and their children in developing countries. A demographic profile. (1995). New York: United Nations.

Mutchier, J. E., & Burr, J. A. (1998). Household and nonhousehold living arrangements in later life: A longitudinal analysis of a social process. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Http://

Norton, A. J., & Miller, L. F. (1992). Marriage, divorce, and remarriage in the 1990's. Current Population Reports (P23-180). U.S. Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

O’Donnell, K. (2002). More singles flocking to suburbia.

People living alone. (1993, December). American Demographics, 38-39.

Pollard, M. S., & Wu, Z. (1998). Divergence of marriage patterns in Quebec and elsewhere in Canada. Population and Development Review, 24, 329-339.

Santi, L. L. (1988). The demographic context of recent change in the structure of American households. Demography, 25, 509-518.

Simmons, T., & O’Connell, M. (February, 2003). Married-couple and unmarried-partner households: 2000. Census 2000 Special Reports.

Teachman, J. D., Tedrwo, L. M., & Crowder, K. D. (2000). The changing demography of America’s families. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 1234-1246.

U. S. Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census. (1998, November). Household and nonhousehold living arrangements in later life: A longitudinal analysis of a social process. (No. 131).

Internet Releases: Population Profile of the United States: 2000:

Chapter 3. People on the move: Geographical mobility, 1999-2000.

Chapter 5. Living together, living alone: Families and living arrangements, 2000.

Chapter 20. His and her demographics: Women and men, 2000.



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